Indigenous Language Resources

Articles about ILE Programs

Blair, H., Tyne, J., & Okemaw, V. (2012). Ititwewiniwak: Language warriors: The young women’s circle of leadership. The Canadian Journal of Native Education. 34(1).

Blair, H., & Fredeen, S. (2009). Putting knowledge into practice. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 32(2), 62-77.

Steinhauer, D., King, A. L., & Blair, H. (2008). How Elders inform Indigenous language instruction. Report for Alberta Education, Edmonton, AB.

Blair, H., Paskemin, D., & McGilvery, F. (2006). Intergenerational language transmission at the Canadian Indigenous Languages & Literacy Development Institute Cree Immersion day camp. In J. Roy (Ed.), Proceedings: AWASIS 2006 Journal (pp. 23-26). Saskatoon, SK: Saskatchewan Teacher’s Federation.

Blair, H., & Laboucan, B. (2004). Ensuring language learning opportunities for Indigenous children. Report for Alberta Education, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.

Blair, H., Paskemin, D., & Laderoute, B. (2003). Preparing indigenous language advocates, teachers, and researchers in western Canada. In J. Reyhner, O. V. Trujillo, R. L. Carrasco, & L. Lockard (Eds.), Nurturing Native languages (pp. 93-104). Flagstaff, AZ: Northern Arizona University.


Indigenous Language Revitalization Articles

Gardner, Stelómethet Ethel B. The Four R's of Leadership in Indigenous Language Revitalization. In C. Kenny (Ed.), Living Indigenous Leadership: Native Narratives on Building Strong Communities (1st Ed). Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.

Leonard, Wesley Y; Gardner, Stelómethet Ethel B. Eds. (2009). Language is Life: Proceedings of the 11th Annual Stabilizing Indigenous Languages Conference, June 2004, 115 pp.

Gardner, Stelómethet Ethel B. (2008). Tset Híikwstexw Te Skwélteltset, We Hold Our Language High: The Meaning of Halq’eméylem Language Renewal in the Everyday Lives of Stó:lō  People.  Saarbrüken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr Müller, 324 pp.

Gardner, Stelómethet Ethel B. (2008). Iyómex, Éyqwlha, Yú:wqwlha, Language as Musical Space: An Aesthetic Approach to Research. In Voices Journal, A World Forum for Music Therapy. Vol. 8, No.3. (November)

Gardner, Stelómethet Ethel B. (2008).  Action Research on Language Planning for Anishinaabemowin Revitalization. Accepted for Peer-reviewed Conference Proceedings for the World Indigenous Peoples’ Conference on Education (WIPCE), Melbourne, Australia December 7-11.

Blair, H., & Laboucan B. J. (2006). The Alberta Language Initiative and the implications for Indigenous languages. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 29(2), 206-214. 

Gardner, Stelómethet Ethel B. (2005).  Designing an e-Master-Apprentice Pedagogy Research for Critically Endangered Languages.  Unpublished Paper available from the author. 

Gardner, Ethel B. (2004).  “Without Our Language, We Will Cease to Exist as a Unique People” Accepted for inclusion in the Proceedings of the 11th Stabilizing Indigenous Languages Conference, Language is Life. Eds. Wesley Y. Leonard & Ethel B Gardner.  Hosted by the University of California at Berkely.

Gardner, Ethel B. (2004).  T’it’elemettset te st’ilems the skw’okw’qa:q: Singing the Robin’s song.  Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Salish and Neighboring Languages.  August 11-13.  Vancouver:  UBC, pp. 167-181.

Gardner, Ethel B. (2000). Where There are Always Wild Strawberries.  Canadian Journal of Native Education.  Vol. 24.  No.1, pp. 7-13.

Blair, H. (1997). Indian languages policy and planning in Saskatchewan: A research report. Report for Government of Saskatchewan, Regina, SK

Blair, H. (1997). Language as resource: Can Aboriginal languages in Western Canada be preserved? In A. Richardson (Ed.), Proceedings of the Canadian Childhood Past, Present, and Future National Conference (pp. 220‑225). Edmonton, AB: Kanata Learning.

Blair, H., & Fredeen, S. (1995). Do not go gently into that good night. Rage, rage against the dying of the light [The case of obsolescing languages in Canada]. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 26(1), 1‑23.

Ahenakew, F., Blair, H., & Fredeen, S. (1994). Aboriginal language policy and planning in Canada. Submission to the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, Government of Canada, Ottawa, ON.

Course work

Blair, H. & Filipek J. (2016). Indigenous Languages Retention & Revitalization. Compendium of Poems: Found Poetry. Aboriginal Teacher Education Program. University of Alberta, 2016 Graduating Class.

Blair, H., Filipek J. & Zeidler, M. (2013). Indigenous Languages Retention & Revitalization. Compendium of Poems: Found Poetry. Aboriginal Teacher Education Program. University of Alberta, 2013 Graduating Class.


Faculty of Elementary Education, University of Alberta

Aboriginal Teacher Education Program (ATEP)

Indigenous Language Institute

American Indian Language Development Institute (AILDI)

The Gift of Language and Culture Centre

First Voices

Stabilizing Indigenous Languages Symposium

Indigenous Language REsources at NAU

News Media articles

Byles, I., & Cairney, R. (2007, July 26). CILLDI making Aboriginal languages a priority. Campus ExpressNews [University of Alberta].

Ford, D. (2007, May 15). Institute earns Aboriginal languages award. Campus ExpressNews [University of Alberta].

Ford, D. (2007, February 16). Cree version of O Canada: A pivotal moment in Canadian history. Campus ExpressNews [University of Alberta].

Crawshaw, C. (2006, July 12). U of A Institute holding on to the languages of Canada’s First Nations. Campus ExpressNews [University of Alberta].

Crawshaw, C. (2005, July). Program passes on Indigenous languages to young learners. Campus ExpressNews [University of Alberta].

Betkowski, B. (2004, July). Elder brings Aboriginal tradition to campus. Campus ExpressNews [University of Alberta].

Crawshaw, C. (2004, July). Institute assists Aboriginal “language activists.” Campus ExpressNews [University of Alberta].

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